Leather is nothing but skin or hide of animals. It is an outcome of the skin or hides of animals that are subject to complex chemical treatment to make it usable, flexible, durable, and rot-proof. Leather can be made from cattle, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and also including exotic animals like camels, pythons, ostriches, kangaroos. The tight interweaving of numerous collagen fibers is made as skin. Skin acts as an envelope of living beings.
Leather has more irreplaceable and unique characteristics. The physical properties of leather are unique and it is so valuable for upholstery purposes like cushioning, filling, etc. The properties of leather are
It has a high tensile strength
Permit water vapour
Resistance to fungal, fire, and chemical attack.
In the leather workshop , repairing of belt, shoes, bags jacket and all accessories can be included. There are many tools and machines re required for leather processing.iin this workshop, the employers can use a leather marking pen and special knife for cutting lines.
Process of manufacturing leather
In the leather making process, the first stage is the dreamhouse, here the skin hide tends to clean and soak. After the hide is detailed and degreased. After the cleaning process, they spilt the hide based on the use of leather.
Designing and making leather goods
Designing and making leather goods may include stitching, sketching, the pattern for making cutting, stitching, table operation, etc. many training courses are available to develop leather making process because there is a limited number of institutions to supply manpower to the industry.
There is one research institute for developing leather fabrication and goods that are CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute. It will be more useful for the students in India and also in abroad.
The leather-based products re the high part of garments, footwear, and luxury products. It also based on bags, suitcases; clothes, belts, and car accessories. The demand for manufacturing leather goods is high in the market.
There is some skill required for designing leather that is
- Good sketching skills
- Computer-aided design skill
Knowledge of textures.
Keen knowledge about worldwide footwear and also fashion trends.
How to repair leather
Mostly shoemaker, cobbler, upholster, a trimmer is a work in the leather repair workshop. Many companies specialize in repairing leather without involving in stitching work. They can repair only minor damages like rips, scuffs, and colouring leather without replacing it.
Shoemaker and cobbler
Shoemakers and cobblers can repair all kinds of leather. First, they can polish the leather and replaced the soles, and also they can expand the shoes and boots. Sometimes they can change the zips, belts are shortened and holes are punched.
Upholster was specialized in cushioning or filling furniture. At first upholstering furniture was normal but today the cost of recovering the leather furniture was at a high rate. Mostly they work for the upholsters work was to repair the panel of the seat.
Saddler and trimmer
Trimmer was specialized in re-covering the re-pairing the vehicle. A saddler can carry out only traditional work.